CBC/CMP - BLOOD TEST
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The comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a panel of 14 different tests that all help look at your metabolism. Including: Glucose, electrolytes, liver, and kidney health.
The CMP tests for:
- Glucose - the primary fuel source for the body used primarily by the muscles, heart and brain. Without proper levels energy starts to decrease and mental function can deteriorate into complete collapse. This helps show hypoglycemia and can indicate diabetes.
- Calcium – A critical element in the body used for heart, nerves, muscles, bones and the formation of blood clots.
- Albumin - a protein made in the liver; it accounts for about 60% of the protein in the blood.
- Total Protein - measures albumin as well as all other proteins in blood; proteins are important building blocks for all cells in the body.
Electrolytes—these are minerals that are in the tissues and blood in the form of dissolved salts. Electrolytes help move nutrients into the cells and help remove wastes out of the cells. They help maintain a healthy water balance and help stabilize the body's acid-base (pH) level. The 4 tests for electrolytes are:
- Sodium - critical for normal nerve and muscle function
- Potassium - critical for cell metabolism and muscle function, helping to transmit messages between nerves and muscles
- Bicarbonate (Total CO2) - helps to maintain the body's acid-base balance (pH)
- Chloride - helps to regulate the amount of fluid in the body and maintain the acid-base balance
- Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) - waste product filtered out of the blood by the kidneys; as kidney function decreases, the BUN level rises. This can also help determine hydration needs.
- Creatinine - waste product produced in the muscles; it is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys so blood levels are a good indication of how well the kidneys are working. This test can be higher in athletes as supplementation and muscle break down from exercise can increase these levels.
- Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) - enzyme found in bone, liver, and other tissues; higher levels of ALP in the blood are most commonly caused by liver disease or bone disorders.
- Alanine amino transferase (ALT, SGPT) - enzyme found mostly in the cells of the liver and kidney; a test for commonly used for detecting liver damage. These levels may be higher in athletes, especially in those that are training harder or in a new way.
- Aspartate amino transferase (AST, SGOT) - enzyme found especially in cells in the heart and liver; also a useful test for detecting liver damage
Bilirubin - Bilirubin is a normal waste product after breaking down hemoglobin from blood. Since it is normally filtered out by the liver it can show liver function levels. If Bilirubin levels get too high it will often cause Jaundice which can lead to further damage and yellowing of the skin and eyes.